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Legal Dictionary

citizen

Definition of citizen

Etymology

    Anglo-French, from Old French citezein (spelling alterated by influence of denizen), from Old French citeain, from cite, in medieval usage a cathedral town, but origininally meaning any settlement, regardless of size, from earlier citet, itself from Latin civitas "citizenship, community of citizens", from civis "townsman, citizen" from a Proto-Indo-European base *kei- "to lie, homestead."

Pronunciation

Noun

citizen (plural citizens)

  1. A person that is a legally recognized as a member of a state, with associated rights and obligations.

    When the rebellion broke out, the United States promptly evacuated its citizens from the area.

  2. (dated) A member of a state that is not a monarchy; used as antonym to subject.
  3. A person that is a legally recognized resident of a city or town.
  4. A resident of any particular place to which the subject feels to belong.

    Citizen of the World: The Life of Pierre Elliott Trudeau - a book written of the former Canadian prime minister by John English, 2007.

  5. A civilian, as opposed to a soldier, police officer etc.

Synonyms

  • burgher
  • national

Antonyms

Derived terms

  • citizeness
  • citizenhood
  • citizenish
  • citizenly
  • citizenry
  • citizenship

References:

  1. Wiktionary. Published under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.



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