Definition of issue
From Old French issue, eissue (“a way out or exit”), feminine past participle of issir, itself from from Latin exeō (“go out”), from prefix ex- (“out of”) + eō (“go”).
issue (plural issues)
- The act of sending out, or causing to go forth; delivery; issuance; as, the issue of an order from a commanding officer; the issue of money from a treasury.
- That which passes, flows, or is sent out; the whole quantity sent forth or emitted at one time; as, an issue of bank notes; the daily issue of a newspaper.
- Progeny; a child or children; offspring. In law, sometimes, in a general sense, all persons descended from a common ancestor; all lineal descendants.
- Produce of the earth, or profits of land, tenements, or other property; as, A conveyed to B all his right for a term of years, with all the issues, rents, and profits.
- The final outcome or result; upshot; conclusion; event; hence, contest; test; trial.
- A point in debate or controversy on which the parties take affirmative and negative positions; a presentation of alternatives between which to choose or decide.
- (law) In pleading, a single material point of law or fact depending in the suit, which, being affirmed on the one side and denied on the other, is presented for determination. At issue, in controversy; disputed; opposing or contesting; hence, at variance; disagreeing; inconsistent.
- (finance) A financial instrument in a company, such as a bond, stock or other security; the emission of such an instrument.
issue (third-person singular simple present issues, present participle issuing, simple past and past participle issued)
- To pass or flow out; to run out, as from any enclosed place.
- To go out; to rush out; to sally forth; as, troops issued from the town, and attacked the besiegers.
- To proceed, as progeny; to be derived; to be descended; to spring.
- To extend; to pass or open; as, the path issues into the highway.
- To be produced as an effect or result; to grow or accrue; to arise; to proceed; as, rents and profits issuing from land, tenements, or a capital stock.
- To turn out (in a given way); to have a specified issue or result, to result (in).
- (law) In pleading, to come to a point in fact or law, on which the parties join issue.
- To send out; to put into circulation; as, to issue notes from a bank.
- To deliver for use; as, to issue provisions.
- To send out officially; to deliver by authority; as, to issue an order; to issue a writ.
In law, issue can mean several things:
- In wills and trusts, a person's issue are his or her lineal descendants or offspring. These are distinguished from heirs, which can include other kin such as a brother, sister, mother, father, grandfather, uncle, aunt, nephew, niece, or cousin.
- In corporations and business associations law, issue can refer to areas involving stocks.
- In evidence as well as civil and criminal procedure, there are issues of fact. Issues of fact are rhetorically presented by statements of fact which are each put to a test: Is the statement true or false?
Often, different parties have conflicting statements of fact. These statements are then presented as alternative questions and justification are presented by proposing evidence in favor or in opposition. Formally the issues follow the template "this statement is true and it is true because... (or it is false because) ... ". in legal issues the government has strict rules on these statements.
The list of issues is the list of the questions the parties request the court to answer. The court's answers usually must be provided before a legally acceptable date and the court should give reason when it decides not to answer any of them. Plaintiffs as well as defendants sometimes do not present their issues according to these due process premises and it is the court that must deduce the probable statements of fact and assume what is in need of legal answers.
A good defense rests in part in the quality of the rhetoric used in presenting the statement of fact defining the issues.
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