Definition of borrow
- (UK) enPR: bŏrʹō, IPA: /ˈbɒrəʊ/, SAMPA: /"bQr@U/
- (US) enPR: bärʹō, IPA: /ˈbɑroʊ/, SAMPA: /"bAroU/
- Rhymes: -ɒrəʊ
From Old English borgian, from Proto-Germanic. Cognate with German borgen.
to borrow (third-person singular simple present borrows, present participle borrowing, simple past and past participle borrowed)
- To receive (something) from somebody temporarily, expecting to return it.
- To adopt (an idea) as one's own.
- (linguistics) To copy a word from another language.
- (arithmetic) In a subtraction, to deduct (one) from a digit of the minuend and add ten to the following digit, in order that the subtraction of a larger digit in the subtrahend from the digit in the minuend to which ten is added gives a positive result.
- (receive temporarily): give back (exchanging the transfer of ownership), lend (exchanging the owners), return (exchanging the transfer of ownership)
- (in arithmetic): carry (the equivalent reverse procedure in the inverse operation of addition)
From Old English borg, from Proto-Germanic (related to Etymology 1, above).
borrow (plural borrows)
- (archaic) A ransom; a pledge or guarantee.
- (archaic) A surety; someone standing bail.
* 1819: "where am I to find such a sum? If I sell the very pyx and candlesticks on the altar at Jorvaulx, I shall scarce raise the half; and it will be necessary for that purpose that I go to Jorvaulx myself; ye may retain as borrows my two priests." - Walter Scott, Ivanhoe
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