Definition of hearing
- Able to hear.
Deaf people often must deal with hearing people.
hearing (countable and uncountable; plural hearings)
- (uncountable) The sense used to perceive sound.
My hearing isn't what it used to be, but I still heard that noise.
- (uncountable) A proceeding at which discussions are heard.
There will be a public hearing to discuss the new traffic light.
- (uncountable) (law) A legal procedure done before a judge, without a jury, as with an evidentiary hearing.
In law, a hearing is a proceeding before a court or other decision-making body or officer, such as a government agency.
A hearing is generally distinguished from a trial in that it is usually shorter and often less formal. In the course of litigation, hearings are conducted as oral arguments in support of motions, whether to resolve the case without further trial on a motion to dismiss or for summary judgment, or to decide discrete issues of law, such as the admissibility of evidence, that will determine how the trial proceeds. Limited evidence and testimony may also be presented in hearings to supplement the legal arguments.
In the United States, one aspect of the "Due Process Revolution" is that many administrative decisions that were once made much less formally must now be preceded by a hearing. An important step in this development was the Supreme Court decision in Goldberg v. Kelly, 397 U.S. 254 (1970). There the Court held that an agency could not terminate a recipient's welfare benefits without a pre-termination hearing. The decision also illustrated that what constitutes a "hearing" can depend on the context. In Goldberg, the goal of a speedy decision was held to "justify the limitation of the pre-termination hearing to minimum procedural safeguards," which included such basic matters as the right to appear and to cross-examine witnesses, but did not include "a complete record and a comprehensive opinion".
- Lorch, Robert (1980). Democratic Process and Administrative Law. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0814315135.
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